Manas National Park - Home of Asian wild water buffalo

Manas National Park also known as Manas Wildlife Sanctuary is located at Barangabari Gyati Village, Baksa, Assam. This National Park is one of the best wildlife sanctuaries in India and it is recognized for its unique and sensitive aboriginal creature that is not seen in any part of the world like the Assam turtle, golden langur, hispid hare, and pygmy hog. Manas is well-known for its crowd of the Asian wild water buffalo.

Tiger of Manas National Park

Manas National Park got its name from the Manas River, even which is named behind the reptile deity Manasa. The Manas river flows between the heart of this National Park and is the main headstream of River Brahmputra.

How to Reach Manas National Park?
By Air: The nearest airport to the Manas is the Lokpriya Gopinath Bordoloi Airport, Guwahati. The airport is well connected to all the major airports in India.

By Rail: The nearest rail station is 32 km away from Manas that is Barpeta Road and Guwahati is another railway station close to Manas National Park.

By Road: If you travel from Guwahati to Manas wildlife sanctuary it will take about 5:30 hours as the distance is about 176 km. You can hire a private taxi from the Guwahati railway station.

Elephant of manas national park

History of manas national park:

On October 1, 1928, the Manas National Park has announced a park with an expanse of 360 km2. And in 1973, Manas bio reserve was developed.

Before the announcement of the park, Manas National Park was a reserved forest named Manas R.F. and North Kamrup R.F. Cooch Behar royal family and ruler of Gauripur used it as a hunting reserve.

The Manas Parkland was broadened to 391 km2 in 1951 and 1955. And in December 1985 this park was notified by UNESCO as a World Heritage area.

Because of huge plunder and terrorist attacks, in 1992 it was announced by UNESCO as a world origin site in threat. Again on 25 February 2008, the parkland was expanded to 950 km2. And finally, On 21 June 2011, Manas National Park was eliminated from the chart of World Heritage in Danger and was praised for its undertakings in conservation.

Vegetation in Manash National Park

The major vegetation varieties of Manas National park are Soft Alluvial Savanna Woodland, Sub-Himalayan glint Alluvial half-evergreen forests in the northern region, Assam Valley Half- evergreen Alluvial Savanna that encircle nearly half of the park, Soft Alluvial Savanna Woodland and East Himalayan combined damp and barren Deciduous forests.

The vegetation of this National Park possesses enormous regenerating and self-nourishing capacities because of its great fertility and normal grazing by plant-eater species.

Largely of the riverine waterless deciduous wilderness is at the first continuous phase, standing often refreshed by floods.

The common trees of Manas comprise Syzygium cumini (Jamun), Aphanamixis polystachya (pithraj), Mallotus philippensis, S. formosum, Actinodaphne obvata, Anthocephalus Chinensis (kadamba), Cinnamomum Tamala, S. oblatum.

Tropical wet and dry deciduous woodlands are depicted by Sterculia villosa, Gmelina Arborea (gamhar), Bombax ceiba (semul or silk cotton), Trewia polycarpa, Bridelia spp, L. speciosa (jarul), Oroxylum Indicum, Lagerstroemia parviflora (Sida or Dhauli), Careya Arborea and Chebula (haritaki). Largely of the most useful wood has been harvested.

Fauna of Manash National Park

Manas is the unfreeze degree of the east and the west, with several varieties of fauna found in the western part and eastern part of their latitude illustrating an entryway connecting the naturally Indian and Malayan animal group.

The sanctuary has in total listed 55 variety of mammals, 50 of reptiles category and 3 types of amphibians, and 380 variety of birds.

Out of these creatures, 21 mammals are of India's listed 1 mammals and a maximum of 33 of this wildlife is endangered, by distant the biggest figure of a somewhat conserved region in the country.

Animals in manas national park:

The wildlife of the Manas National park contains Indian leopards, Indian elephants, Asian golden cats, Wild Water Buffalo, clouded leopards, slow loris, pig deer’s, Indian tiger, Sambar deers, Barking deers, flatten-coated otters, barasingha, hoolock gibbons, chitals, Assamese macaques, dholes, and black Panthers.

Birds of manas national park

The Manas National Park has above 450 categories of birds in which 100 birds are of connecting mountainous landscape in Bhutan.  It possesses the biggest crowd of the threatened Bengal florican to be discovered at any place and it is similarly a tremendous niche to glimpse the Great Hornbill.

Bird of manas national park

Decent birds to glance at are Black-tailed Crake, Swamp Francolin, Rufous-rumped, Red-headed Trogon, Pied Harrier, Bristled Grassbirds, Marsh and Jerdon's, Babblers.

Additional bird variety comprises jungle fowls, herons, great hornbills, scarlet minivets, brahmin ducks, pied hornbills, crested reptile-eagles, Indian Peafowl, mergansers, bee-eaters, kalij pheasants, harriers, falcons, ospreys, and egrets.

Read about: Deepor Beel


The climate of Manas is mostly warm and moist up to 76% close humidity. From the middle of March to October it rains with a full downpour in the course of monsoon from half May to September bringing flood in the western part of the Manas park.

The average annual rain is 3,330 mm. From November to February, it is moderately barren when the tinier rivers get dried and big rivers dwindle. The average utmost summer temperature is 37°C and the winter temperature is somewhat 5°C.

Best Time to Visit:

You can visit Manas National Park in any month of the year, yet the nicest time is in the middle of November to April. So, visit the Park and explore its beauty.

Manas is famous for which animal?

Manas is famous for the wild water buffalo.

Wild Water Buffalo

Where is Manas National Park in India?

Manas wildlife sanctuary is located in Baksa District of Assam.

How far is Manas wildlife sanctuary from Guwahati?

It is almost 179 kilometer away from Guwahati main city and it will take about 5 hours of time.